Low salmon returns spur call to action

Chris Morris

Legislature Bureau

Workers with the Miramichi Salmon Association are stepping up conservation efforts as a result of declining fish numbers in the storied salmon river.

With fish populations nosediving for unknown reasons, the Miramichi Salmon Association is stepping up its efforts to conserve the threatened Atlantic salmon.

Mark Hambrook, president of the Miramichi Salmon Association, said in an interview Thursday the organization is marking its 60th anniversary this year by rededicating itself to the preservation of the king of sport fish.

Hambrook said there is urgency in the conservation plans of the association for the coming years, especially after a recent report by the federal Fisheries Department found a dismal return of young Atlantic salmon to the Miramichi in 2012.

“We had become a bit complacent because we were seeing improved returns over the past decade,” Hambrook said in an interview.

“There was enthusiasm because each year we seemed to be getting a little bit better. Then last year was a complete disaster – one of the worst returns we have had in a long, long time. It wakes you up to the fact that this is a very fragile resource. We need to be out there all the time, promoting conservation and improving the environment for the fish, where we can.”

According to the fisheries report, only about 8,000 grilse, which are young, small salmon, returned to their Miramichi spawning grounds last year. In 2011, 45,000 grilse returned.

The runs for adult salmon were slightly better, but not much – roughly 13,600 large salmon returned.

Hambrook said many of the fish disappear while at sea for reasons no one has been able to fathom.

But he said within the river system, organizations like the salmon association can make a focused effort to ensure that as many fish as possible survive and flourish before they make their perilous journey to the ocean.

The association is in the midst of a fundraising drive – given a major boost last week by a $400,000 donation from the estate of the late artist Bruno Bobak – that will help finance conservation efforts.

Hambrook said one of the initiatives involves establishing cold water refuges for salmon so they are not overly stressed, sometimes to the point of death, by summer heat and warming waters.

Fisheries officials reopened several salmon pools on the Miramichi on Thursday after they were closed because of the heat.

“There were thousands of fish in some of the pools that were closed,” Hambrook said.

“There are all kinds of little brooks coming into the river but because they are not structured right, the adults can’t use them. So they all congregate in a few areas. Our goal is to not have such huge concentrations but to spread them around so that you have 20 fish here, 50 there and 100 there as opposed to 3,000 in one spot.”

The small, cold-water brooks often are too broad where they enter the Miramichi, so the cold water trickles along the shallow edges of the river without helping the fish.

The salmon association is working on projects to narrow the channels of these brooks so the cool water rushes out of them more forcefully, gushing into the deeper waters of the river.

The group also is looking at digging some pools deeper to give the fish more of a chance to escape the heat. They also want to place boulders in pools to give the fish shelter and to discourage illegal netting.

Scientists have warned that global warming may eventually mean the end of cold-water fish like the Atlantic salmon and brook trout.

“I hope we don’t write them off yet,” Hambrook said.

He said the salmon association is looking to co-operate with the federal Fisheries Department and other salmon conservation groups to examine why so many fish die when leaving the Miramichi and entering the tidal estuary.

Hambrook said as many as 50 per cent of salmon entering the salt waters of the estuary do not survive. He said it could be predation by bass or seals, or something in the river system may be weakening the salmon’s ability to withstand the change to salt water.

“This has normally been a zone where a fair bit of mortality would occur, but it appears this mortality is getting higher,” he said. “I mean, around 50 per cent are dying in the estuary.

“This is one area where we want collaboration with DFO, the Atlantic Salmon Federation and others. It will be a complex research program.”


  1. Bill Tomiello on July 28, 2013 at 6:56 am

    Having travelled the roads to the Miramichi for 30+ years from N.J., the past two years have been a troubling ride home. It is clear to me that the numbers of salmon (and grilse) in the system have dropped to perilous levels. Without good numbers of fish in the river, visitor numbers will follow. Think how it makes a visitor feel when he spends his hard earned dollars, buys a “catch and release” license, and watches locals kill their alotted fish, along with their entire families allocation while the numbers of fish are seeming to disappear. You have a hard decision to make to keep people like me from finding another place to spend their money. It’s not just about the dollars and cents that trouble me, it’s the apparent lack of respect people have for a failing fishery to do what is necessary to try to save it. It is clearly time for a manditory catch and release on all salmon AND GRILSE in your system. With the extremely low returns, EVERY fish is important to increase spawning numbers. At this point I view the killing of any fish as “legalized poaching”.It’s a hard position to “sell”, especially to the locals who have killed fish for generations, but it’s as clear as the nose on your face….if you don’t do something now, it might just be too late. You can banter about the seals, striped bass, commercial fishery,poachers and believe they all have something to do with the failing returns,(which they most likely do) but to eliminate any mortality by “sportsmen” is allowing any fish that has avoided the seals, striped bass, commercial fisheries and poachers to make it to the spawning grounds. The culture of the poacher on Canadian Salmon rivers is the same as that of the moonshiners here in the states. They are somehow revered by some locals as a “Billy the Kid” hero type. Poaching will always be a problem until the mindset of a culture changes, and that might take too long for the salmon to survive. It’s time to rally every concerned sportsman and every local who somehow derives part of their income from the fisherman to protect EVERY Atlantic entering your river and allow them to rebuild the stocks of fish and the future of your region. MAKE CATCH AND RELEASE MANDITORY NOW!!!!…………….Respectfully ……..Bill Tomiello…………

  2. Evelock Gilks on August 2, 2013 at 7:00 am

    Well said Mark, but we all know the disastrous effects of the river mouth full of striped bass.
    Over 100,000 bass eating one smolt a day, not hard to capture those numbers.
    On top of this, after paying millions to the Greenland fishermen for 7 years, they are back netting more salmon than ever before.

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